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A Martinet Of Melody, Ca. 274–277

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins by laying out the terms and techniques of music and music theory that were basic in Xun Xus time. After the review of terms comes a brief historical background of pitch-pipes and performance flutesthe distinction between them and the development of di-flutes to Xuns time. Following that is a complete translation of a detailed transcription in Songshu of Xun Xus discovery and analysis of old musicological devices. The chapter also discusses Xuns seminal work in temperamentology, found at the end of the Songshu passage. Temperamentology means the arts of adjusting the pitches produced by the scale notes of actual performance instruments; this is different from the theoretical work of classical harmonics. The concluding section of the chapter focuses on an objection against Xun Xus musicology lodged by Ruan Xian.

Keywords: di-flutes; musicology; Ruan Xian; Songshu; Xun Xu



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