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The Two Voabularies Of Indo-Tibetan And Sino-Tibetan Translations In The Dunhuang Manuscripts

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Chapter Summary

Everyone realizes the great activity of translation of Buddhist texts achieved by the Indian monks and Tibetan translators before and after circa 800 A.D. We also know that this activity was regulated by an edict of King Khri lde srong btsan dating from 814. He aimed to make uniform the Tibetan vocabulary serving to translate the Indian terminology and to impose it as a single model. In this edict, this vocabulary is called, perhaps, new. This chapter is concerned with the Chinese translations and the difference of their vocabulary compared to that which was codified in 814. Aside from Simonssons remarks, it is the study of Tibetan manuscripts from Dunhuang relative to Chinese Chan which have revealed the existence of a Buddhist vocabulary totally different from that of the Mhvy. The chapter presents a list of words in order to compare the two vocabularies.

Keywords: Chinese translations; Dunhuang; Indian vocabulary; Tibetan vocabulary



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