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Solntsev's Role In Preserving The Treasures Of The Moscow Kremlin

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Chapter Summary

Among the many thousands of items preserved in the Moscow Kremlin, the collection of graphic art entitled Antiquities of the Russian State perhaps best personifies the history of the pre-Petrine era. In 1804 under the auspices of Moscow University, the Moscow Society of Russian History and Antiquities was created with the purpose of assembling, studying, and publishing such artifacts of ancient times as coins, medals, and chronicles. Fedor Solntsev became the leading and unsurpassed proponent of artistic archaeology in the 1830s and 1840s and left the most prominent mark. A lithographical firm in Paris published the images, which were engraved in Russia by the artists Egor Skotnikov and Aleksandr Afanasev. Solntsevs talent in the field of artistic archaeology became apparent in the 1830s, and he continued this work until the end of his life; his travels around Russia, though, ceased in 1853.

Keywords: Antiquities of the Russian State; Fedor Solntsev; Moscow Kremlin; Russia



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