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The Southern Caucasus

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Chapter Summary

The opponents of Persia in the Southern Caucasus were represented by a few Christian states, loosely allied to each other and, for the most part, used by the Persian Shahs as a constant source of slaves for the needs of their court and of the army. By the end of the eighteenth century Russia became firmly incorporated into European geopolitics. In terms of policies pursued by Russia in the Caucasus, the new geo-culture of progress made itself evident from the outset of military conquest. The issue of slave trade became a reliable indicator of larger political allegiances and began to play a role in determining inter-state alliances. Slave trade also figured prominently in relations with the neighboring territories, especially with the independent principality of Abkhazia and with the Ottoman Empire.

Keywords: eighteenth century Russia; Ottoman empire; save trade; Southern Caucasus



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