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The Caucasus: Geography And People

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Chapter Summary

The Caucasus is a region where geology, geography and landscape play such an important role that they become almost animated characters in the history of the land and its population. The Caucasian region is neatly defined at its western and eastern extremities by the Black and the Caspian Seas, respectively. The Southern Caucasus, or Transcaucasia, sheltered from most of the cold northern air masses, is an area of predominantly hot, subtropical or continental climate, with comparatively large areas suitable for agriculture. The Northern Caucasus, on the other hand, is open to the North, to the Great Steppe with its wide expanses and frequent migrations of nomadic peoples. The peoples, who speak the endemic, or specifically Caucasian, languages, have been living in the area for as long as any meaningful archaeological history goes, at least since the Neolithic period.

Keywords: Caucasian region; Neolithic period; nomadic peoples



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