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Primary Sources From The Classical And Early Medieval Periods

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Chapter Summary

Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, was born in Pella in 356 B.C. The first recension (α) is represented by a single MS, A. It begins with the story of the last Pharaoh of Egypt, Nectanebus, who, seeing through his magic arts that his country will fall victim to Persian conquest, flees in disguise to Pella in Macedon. Gamma recension is the longest of the Greek recensions. The earliest Latin text, though the latest to become known, is the History of Alexander by Quintus Curtius Rufus. The main distinguishing feature of Curtius's history is its rhetorical color.Itinerarium Alexandri is a broadly historical work based on Arrian's authoritative history, but it also makes use of Julius Valerius's Res Gestae. The texts relating to the Romance tradition were however familiar in the early middle Ages and consequently exercised a far wider influence on medieval literature.

Keywords: Alexander; alpha recension; gamma recension; itinerarium alexandri; medieval period; Quintus Curtius Rufus



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