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The Catholic Enlightenment In Austria Or The Habsburg Lands

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Chapter Summary

The wide expanse of the Austrian Monarchy resulted in various influences on thought and ideas, knowledge and intellectual life, philosophy and theology. It is impossible to separate the Catholic Enlightenment in Germany from the Catholic Enlightenment in Austria or vice versa. Josephinism nowadays is understood as the special Austrian manifestation of the European Enlightenment and as a special form of so-called Enlightened Absolutism, not restricted to the reign of Joseph II in the Austrian Monarchy from 1780 to 1790 nor only to church reform. The Austrian reforms of theological studies were directed against dogmatic theology, especially against Jesuit dogmatics and moreover scholastic theology be it Augustinian, homistic or Scotist.

Keywords: Austria; Catholic Enlightenment; Jesuit; Josephinism

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