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Image-Breaking: Iconoclasm And Identity Crisis

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Chapter Summary

Frederick began to support an all encompassing Protestant confessionalization with himself acting the part of a Calvinist Josiah and David. His support of this, as well as his attempt to establish a hereditary dynasty in Bohemia, clashed with Bohemia's late medieval inheritance of religious pluralism and elective kingship. The confrontation tarnished his image among many Bohemians and caused him to lose most of the cultural capital he had acquired in Bohemia. This chapter focuses on these developments by first describing Frederick and company's constitutional treatment of Catholics, then his iconoclastic activates that infuriated both Catholics and Lutherans, and finally the conflict initiated by his desire to set up a hereditary monarchy in Bohemia. Like the attempt to cleanse Lutheran churches, popular resistance by Lutherans in the Upper Palatinate meant that the Upper Palatinate remained a mixed identity.

Keywords: Catholics; dynastic advancement; elective kingship; iconoclasm; identity crisis; Lutherans; religious legitimacy; religious pluralism



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