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Enhanced Protection: A New Form Of Protection Under The 1999 Second Protocol

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Chapter Summary

The 1999 Second Protocol supplements the special protection offered by the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with a system of enhanced protection. The reason was that virtually no country was able to meet the conditions for eligibility for special protection in the 1954 Hague Convention, mainly because of the practical requirements listed in Article 8. And as there was a need for a system to provide extra protection for cultural property of exceptional importance, it was necessary to set up a new system: that of enhanced protection. This chapter addresses the nature and scope of enhanced protection. Cultural property receives the status of enhanced protection through inscription on the List of Cultural Property under Enhanced Protection, as provided for in Article 27, paragraph 1(b) of the 1999 Second Protocol.

Keywords: armed conflict; cultural property; enhanced protection; Hague Convention; second protocol; special protection



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