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The Dutch Ministry Of Defence And The Protection Of Cultural Heritage

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Chapter Summary

All military involvement in the protection of cultural property in the Netherlands is a direct consequence of legal obligations laid down in international humanitarian law (IHL). The 1954 Hague Convention was supplemented by Protocol I, which imposed further obligations on occupying forces in control of hostile territory and on other High Contracting Parties to take into custody and to return cultural property coming from occupied territories at the close of the hostilities. However, the eruption of armed conflict in former Yugoslavia in the 1990s demonstrated the very limited effect of IHL protection. As a result of this, Protocol II to the 1954 Convention sought to impose even tighter restrictions on the impact of military operations on cultural property. This chapter discusses the role of the Dutch armed forces in protecting cultural property.

Keywords: armed conflict; cultural property; Dutch armed forces; Dutch Ministry of Defence; Hague Convention; international humanitarian law (IHL); military operations; protection



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