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The Implementation Of The Second Protocol To The 1954 Hague Convention In The Republic Of Macedonia

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Chapter Summary

The Republic of Macedonia was among the first countries to ratify the Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of an Armed Conflict, thus helping to fulfil the conditions for its entry into force. The Protocol was ratified by an Act adopted on 23 January 2002 and published on 18 February 2002. This chapter describes the efforts of a network of Macedonian institutions and experts to implement innovative elements of the Second Protocol, such as enhanced protection, criminal responsibility and jurisdiction and protection of cultural property in an armed conflict that is not of an international character. It also discusses the results that these efforts have produced.

Keywords: armed conflict; criminal responsibility; cultural property; enhanced protection; Hague Convention; implementation; Macedonian institutions; Republic of Macedonia; second protocol



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