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Iraq And The Second Protocol To The 1954 Hague Convention

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Chapter Summary

Iraq is Party to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its First Protocol, but not yet to the Second Protocol of 1999. Article 2 of the Second Protocol states that this Protocol supplements the Convention in relations between the parties. Since Iraq is already party to the Convention, it is also entitled to become party to the Second Protocol. The Second Protocol calls, inter alia, for parties to take general provisions regarding the protection of cultural property in peacetime. If Iraq had been Party to the Second Protocol, would the situation there have been differentbefore, during and after the Gulf Wars? Could tangible heritage have been saved? Could certain sites have been spared? In what way could the Second Protocol have had added value for Iraq? This chapter is an attempt to answer these questions.

Keywords: 1954 Hague Convention; armed conflict; Gulf wars; Iraq; protection of cultural property; second protocol



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