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Do The Principles And Practice Of Red Cross Neutrality Meet The Necessities Of Today’s Humanitarian Action?

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Chapter Summary

The young Swiss businessman Henri Dunant's idea was the foundation of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, as well as a set of values that spread around the world. The principle of neutrality, one of the core principles of the Red Cross, is derived from these values. It is used to achieve overarching goal of humanitarianism. The ongoing conflict in Afghanistan is a good example of how neutrality has been put under pressure due to the lines between military, civil and humanitarian actors and mandates being blurred. The international presence in Afghanistan can be summed up in two projects: one political, and one humanitarian. It is hoped that the continued examination of the effectiveness of the notion of neutrality which has enabled the humanitarian achievements of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement will not weaken the Movement, but will strengthen it even more.

Keywords: humanitarianism; principle of neutrality; Red Crescent Movement



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