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Prosecuting Sexual Violence At The ICTR

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Chapter Summary

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established by the United Nations to end the impunity of those persons responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. This chapter examines the ICTR contribution through its legal framework, and through the provision of a definition for rape and sexual violence. It also provides the result of prosecutions through a brief review of the ICTR cases to date. ICTR has put in place a unique legal framework to address the specific difficulties of victims of sexual violence in order to facilitate their testimonies. In addition, it has greatly contributed to the development of the definition of rape and other acts of sexual violence. The debate surrounding the definition of rape may continue. However, it does not change the fact that the ICTR is the first international court to have recognised that acts of sexual violence can constitute genocide.

Keywords: crime; genocide; International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR); prosecutions; rape; sexual violence



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