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Scribes And Scholars: The Ṭupšar Enūma Anu Enlil

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Chapter Summary

While the term ṭupšar Enūma Anu Enlil, means literally scribe of Enūma Anu Enlil, its definition in cultural terms is more complex. There is the question whether ṭupšar Enūma Anu Enlil is a term for a distinct scholarly profession or a title held by certain members of the profession ṭupšarru scribe. Even though the celestial omen series represented the basic part of an Enūma Anu Enlil scribes knowledge, and mastery of that text was obviously the chief defining feature of ṭupšarru scribe, quotations of celestial omens from this series do not necessarily indicate that the writer of the text was an Enūma Anu Enlil scribe. As in the Neo-Assyrian correspondence, the evidence from colophons of Seleucid astronomical texts, shows that the scribes who either copied or owned the tablets were not always designated ṭupšar Enūma Anu Enlil, but were sometimes identified by the professions kalû or āšipu.

Keywords: āšipu; ṭupšar Enūma Anu Enlil; astronomical texts; celestial omen series; kalû; Neo-Assyrian correspondence; scholars; scribes



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