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A Babylonian Rising Times Scheme In Non-Tabular Astronomical Texts

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Chapter Summary

One of the elements of Babylonian astronomy adopted in Greco-Roman astronomy and astrology before the first century A.D. was the concept of the rising times of the twelve consecutive 30 signs of the zodiac. Neugebauer showed evidence for the rising times of the zodiac in Babylonian astronomy is embedded in the ephemerides, in the column for generating length of daylight. Section II presents the transliterations and translations of three micro-zodiac texts. Section III discusses the particular values for the rising times of the zodiac from the intervals between meridian crossings of culminating stars. Regardless of the date of its invention, the hybrid daylight scheme that follows from the rising times values in Texts A-C, i.e., a cross between that of Column C of the System A ephemerides and the early astronomical tradition of the Astrolabes etc., adds a new dimension to our picture of late Babylonian non-tabular astronomical texts.

Keywords: Astronomical Texts; Babylonian Rising Times Scheme; culminating stars; hybrid daylight scheme; Neugebauer; Non-Tabular; translations; transliterations; values; zodiac



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