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Redirective Applicatives

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the two-way classification into relational versus redirective applicatives. Most Salish applicative suffixes behave as one type or the other. However, some suffixes, although they are primarily of one type, nevertheless are used in a few examples as the other type. In some cases, both types of uses are so common that it is impossible to assign the suffix conclusively to one type or the other. The chapter describes the issue of valence increasing versus valence maintenance. Standard applicatives add one degree of semantic valence to the predicate. The issue of deviation from the Salish standard is especially pronounced in Bella Coola. Neither of the two Bella Coola applicatives fits with the typology. Furthermore, one Bella Coola applicative seems to have the primary function of marking instrumental applied objects, and this function is unattested elsewhere in the Salish languages.

Keywords:Bella Coola; redirective applicatives; relational applicatives; Salish applicative suffixes

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