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Introduction

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the mapping of the form and function of Salish applicatives, it gives a brief overview of Salish morphosyntax. The chapter outlines the key properties of Salish languages. It gives the essential properties of Salish applicative Constructions. Pronominal subjects and objects are marked by clitics or affixes located in the verb complex. Some languages have ergative agreement for third person subjects of main clauses. Many Salish languages take special object agreement forms in passive clauses. Salish languages are head marking; possessors are marked on the head, Possessive inflection is used for subjects of nominalization. Extraction phenomena distinguish subjects and objects from other noun phrases. The chapter discusses the applied object in all applicative constructions straightforwardly tests to be the direct object of the clause. The situation with the theme nominal in redirective applicatives is more complex, since Salish languages vary in their treatment of the theme.

Keywords:morphosyntax; Salish applicatives

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