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An Overview Of The Evolution And Conservation Of West Indian Amphibians And Reptiles

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Chapter Summary

There are 196 species of amphibians known from the West Indies, 188 of which are native. With only a few exceptions, all of those native species are endemic to single islands or island banks and most are restricted to a small region within an island such as a single mountain top. The recent Global Amphibian Assessment found that 84% of West Indian amphibian species are threatened and that 71% are in the two highest threat categories, Endangered and Critically Endangered. The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International, have yet to establish programs of any significance in countries of the Caribbean region where the biodiversity crisis is the most severe. This chapter discusses the conservation status of the species, threats to their survival, and recommendations. It includes a species census of the West Indian amphibian fauna listing the most recent year that a species has been observed in the wild.

Keywords:amphibians; Nature Conservancy and Conservation International; species; west indies



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