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Status And Conservation Of The Reptiles And Amphibians Of The Bermuda Islands

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Chapter Summary

Bermuda's herpetofauna includes three species of amphibians, one fossil tortoise, two species of freshwater turtles, five species of marine turtles, and four species of lizards. Three species of West Indian anurans, all introduced in the late 1800s, did successfully become established on Bermuda's larger islands. These consist of the cane toad, Bufo marinus, and two species of whistling frogs, Eleutherodactylus johnstonei and E. gossei. Records for members of the Testudines in Bermuda exist for one fossil land tortoise, two freshwater turtles and five marine turtle species. The brackish and freshwater ponds of Bermuda support populations of two emydid turtles; the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin, and red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans. Five species of marine turtles have been recorded from Bermuda with two, the green turtle, Chelonia mydas, and the loggerhead turtle, Caretta caretta, being the only species recorded nesting.

Keywords: amphibians; Bermuda islands; Bufo marinus; Caretta caretta; Chelonia mydas; lizards; reptiles; turtles



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