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Problems Relating To The Drawing Of Baselines To Close Shared Maritime Waters

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Chapter Summary

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) came into force on 16 November 1994 and to date (April 2010) 160 States have ratified or acceded to the Convention. here has been some judicial and legal discussion, such as in the US Supreme Court in the US v California case (1980), on whether an artificial structure, such as a harbour wall or piling actually has a low-water line because of the vertical rise and fall of the water level between high and low-water. The development of man-made structures along or attached to a coast has been increasing throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, particularly reclamation works of one kind or another in the last 30 years. Article 11 of the Convention includes the outermost permanent harbour works as part of the normal baseline.

Keywords:California; man-made basepoints; UNCLOS



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