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Vygotsky On Gestalt And Bildung

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Chapter Summary

Vygotsky's creative life-time in psychology was very short. After bursting on to the scene in 1924, it was only in 1928 that he could be said to have shaped his own approach, tuberculosis was undermining his ability to work, and by the early '30s, the dark clouds of Stalinist repression threatened to make scientific work impossible. The psyche cannot be conceived of as a set of independent functions but from very early on in its development it is a whole, a Gestalt ; when the faculties of speech and visualpractical intelligence merge with one another, visual perception is changed as is the intellect. The key concept that Vygotsky presented in this work is the social situation of development. The psychological functions become independent only insofar as they remain aspects of a unitary psychological structure in which the biological bases are subordinated to the whole Gestalt.

Keywords: Gestalt; psychological structure; Vygotsky



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