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The Significance Of Vygotsky’s Legacy

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Chapter Summary

Both social behaviorism and physiological behaviorism are locked into individualistic conceptions of the human subject, and neither allows the use of a scientific concept of consciousness, which is after all the subject matter of Psychology, and the key proximate determinant of human behavior. Vygotsky said of the Gestaltists , that "having smashed atomism, replaced the atom by the independent and isolated molecule" and was able to show how the person can be conceived together with their social situation as a Gestalt in which the inside/ outside dichotomy is genuinely transcended. Vygotsky was a product of the Russian Revolution, and his legacy would inevitably bear the stamp of its origins. This chapter turns to the efforts of those who survived Vygotsky to develop the concept of activity, which it claim, is the key which opens the possibility for an interdisciplinary and emancipatory human science.

Keywords: Gestalt; Psychology; Vygotsky

10.1163/ej.9789004184060.i-344.35
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