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Chapter Summary

Vasily Davydov was to be a keynote speaker at the Fourth Congress of the International Society for Activity Theory and Cultural Research, in Aarhus, Denmark in June 1998. Because of the 'historical accident' referred to by Davydov, the concept of 'activity' "stayed out of politics", and came to be linked specifically to psychology. CHAT is a psychology which is concerned primarily with how the personality is formed by the social situation in which the person grows up and lives. According to Activity Theory, an activity is a system of actions in pursuit of some socially determined object, that is to say, an object the motive for which resides in the requirements of the society to reproduce itself, rather than the needs of an individual. This chapter focuses on the treatment of Leontyev 's theory of activity and some methodological points which arise from the general conception of activity.

Keywords: activity theory; CHAT; Vasily Davydov



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