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Collaborative Projects

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Chapter Summary

To resolve the impasse at which Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) has arrived, the author proposes a new unit of activity to represent the whole of which actions are a part. So in Leontyev's three levels of activity, with operations and actions, this chapter introduces a new unit for 'an activity'. It explains the concepts of 'project' and 'collaboration'. These two concepts are closely connected with one another; projects are essentially collaborative and collaboration is possible only with some project. A project is not only actions but artifacts . These artifacts are implied in the notion of action and all the artifacts mediating the actions of which the project is composed are understood as subsumed in the project as well. 'Project' differs from 'object-oriented activity' because collaboration in a project is active, whilst object-oriented activity is essentially passive, a response to the stimuli given by the object, a species of reflex.

Keywords: collaborative projects; Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT); Leontyev



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