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Collaborative Projects And Identity

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Chapter Summary

According to Dorothy Holland (2007: 102), the term 'identity', with the sense is has nowadays, entered psychology only in the 1950s thanks to Erik Erikson. All projects in which the individual participates are from his or her point view a part of the subject's 'fundamental project'. The association of identity-formation with being summoned to a social position is a view which can be encompassed within Activity Theory, but Althusser's view is altogether too objectivist. Sartre 's conception of a 'fundamental project' at the center of identity-formation is an attractive approach, but Sartre's idea of looking into the depths of his soul for the source of this project is hardly compatible with the Activity Theory approach. 'Project', as a unit of activity, emphasizes the active side. Activity Theory understands that a project, and the conditions for its existence, are in the first place objective to any individual.

Keywords: Activity Theory approach; Dorothy Holland; identity-formation



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