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Chapter Summary

To assess the effects of current migration policies on the sending countries a more empirically-oriented research is needed. It appears from the analysis of migration law and policies in the receiving countries that the approach of EU Member States has shifted from a complete denial and prevention of immigration after the Oil Crisis and economic recession in the early 1970s, to a process of allowing and even encouraging selective immigration in recent years. The new approach to immigration has two major characteristics. First, in most countries, measures and policies aimed at fostering immigration are targeted at specific categories of third-country nationals and go hand in hand with a stronger focus on combating illegal immigration. Secondly, the ideal scenario of selective immigration from the perspective of the Community institutions and the Member States, is a temporary period of residence and employment in the host country for a number of years.

Keywords: Community institutions; EU Member States; illegal immigration; migration law; migration policies; Oil Crisis



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