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Jewish-Christian Contacts In The Second And Third Centuries C.E.? The Case Of Carthage Tertullian And The Mishnah's Views On Idolatry

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Chapter Summary

This chapter inquires into the connections that may have existed between Jews and Christians in the second and third centuries C.E. To address this question, the chapter compares two texts on idolatry-the De Idololatria of the Carthaginian Church Father Tertullian and the roughly contemporaneous Mishnah Avodah Zarah. Both works were written to guide monotheists in living their lives of truth in an idolatrous environment. Since they are informative regarding Jewish- Christian relations at a given place and time, they may also shed light on such relations elsewhere and at other times. The chapter also focuses on a broader question of the extent to which Jews and Christians, not only in Carthage, were either different and isolated from each other or similar and intermingled in the late second and early third centuries C.E.

Keywords: Avodah Zarah; Carthage; De Idololatria; Father Tertullian; Jewish-Christian Contacts; Mishnah



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