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Is It Still Possible To Recover Fichte’s Reflexions About Education? Notes On Fichte’s Aphorisms On Education (1804)

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Chapter Summary

In Johann Gottlieb Fichtes Philosophy, education plays a significant role. This chapter focuses on Fichtes idea of the possibility of the individual to differentiate itself from its immediate cultural, historical and social environment through the study of the dead languages. This differentiation has an intellectual character, for it has to be understood as a distancing from the quotidian way of understanding the reality. The study of the classical languages can help the individual to realize that the world, which the ordinary language offers us, is not the totality of reality. In the Aphorisms, Fichte presents the conditions of possibility for a particular kind of self-liberation. This is the kind of freedom after which the Self unceasingly strives. On the contrary, the freedom which is offered to Man in the Aphorisms limits itself to an autonomous and critical attitude to everyday reality.

Keywords: Aphorisms; classical languages; education; Johann Gottlieb Fichte



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