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Trotsky And Latin American Development Theory

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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the influences of Trotsky on Latin American thinking about development, underdevelopment and dependency. Trotsky in his Permanent Revolution argued that the socialist revolution begins on a national level but inevitably extends to other countries. He argues that in Latin America the best way to fight fascism is to struggle against imperialism and to implement an agrarian revolution, and he points to Mexico as an example of a semicolonial country that was able to break its servile dependency, give land to the peasants, and elevate the Indians to the highest level of civilization. Major lines of Trotskyist thinking have prevailed in Argentina. The different patterns of progress illustrate the idea of combined and uneven capitalist development, where the colonies feed the accumulation of the imperialist metropoles at their own expense so that peripheral capitalism remains weak, precluding the bourgeoisie from fulfilling the tasks of a democratic revolution.

Keywords: Argentina; bourgeoisie; capitalist; Latin America; Mexico; socialist; Trotsky



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