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Judicial Reform

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Chapter Summary

The framework of the Chinese judicial system is largely based on the Soviet model: courts are responsible for adjudication, and procuratorates are responsible for supervising the implementation of the law. Although judicial reform began later than reforms in other areas - such as the economy or the political system - the pace of judicial reform has since been just as rapid as reform in other areas. The democratization of Chinese politics has allowed for the development of the judicial system. A number of serious shortcomings of the judicial system have been widely recognized throughout the reform era. Reform of litigation procedures - in terms of both design and function - has long been the most dynamic and fruitful area of judicial reform. This chapter discusses the background, development and shortcomings of the judicial reform. It also provides an overview of the main problems to be resolved and the main reforms implemented by the courts to address the problems.

Keywords: Chinese judicial system; Chinese politics; courts; judicial reform; Litigation Procedures



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