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The Rise Of Rights And Protections For The Disadvantaged

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Chapter Summary

In China, "disadvantaged citizens," or "disadvantaged groups," is a new category that emerged at the beginning of the reform and opening period. In the thirty years since the beginning of the reform and opening period, significant changes and the emergence of diverse interest groups have spurred the creation of laws and regulations protecting the rights of the disadvantaged. Since reform and opening, the development of laws and regulations protecting the rights of disadvantaged citizens can be divided into three phases, each marked by the different stages of establishing a system and the specific characteristics of the system at that time: a. establishing a legal basis for progress and the quest to build a system (1978-1993); b. comprehensive institution-building and the rise of non-governmental participation (1994-2002); c. the establishment of the social security system and the rapid development of relief mechanisms (2003-2008).

Keywords: creation of laws; disadvantaged citizens; legal basis; non-governmental participation; protecting the rights; reform; relief mechanisms; social security system



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