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The Limits Of Politicization Of The Schools In The Sed State: The Catholic Eichsfeld Region And The Protestant Erzgebirge – A Comparison

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Chapter Summary

The division of this chapter into four periods follows the progression of the political measures and events that constituted turning points for Christian teachers and students. The first period spans the time between October 1945 reopening of schools in Soviet occupation zone through the Spring 1953 directives on the evaluation of all high school students and teachers and on a complete restructuring of school types in GDR in detailed adherence to Soviet model. The second period was characterized by the efforts of SED to bring the education system under its full control, which entailed ending the churches influence in the area. The third period ended in 1978 with the possible relaxation of regulations beginning in 197879 school year. The fourth period ended with the peaceful revolution of November 1989. The chapter explores the most significant observations for the Upper Eichsfeld region, and the Erzgebirge region, a Protestant stronghold.

Keywords: education system; German Democratic Republic (GDR); political measures; Protestant Erzgebirge region; schools; Socialist Unity Party (SED); Upper Eichsfeld region



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