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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an up-to-date account of the situation of Muslims in Lithuania. Lithuania is a secular republic with no state religion, though Catholics nominally constitute a majority of the population. Though a century ago there were well over a dozen purpose-built mosques, there are currently four, of which only the Kaunas (brick) mosque is regularly used for Friday prayers by both local Tatars and foreign students. Religious education in public schools is optional but exclusively Catholic; non-religious pupils and those of other faiths are offered an alternative class in 'ethics'. There are as yet no halal butchers' shops. Frozen halal meat is available in several supermarkets. There are no rules restricting Muslim dress in public or for pupils in schools. The sole printed periodical is a 32-page monthly Lietuvos Totoriai (Lithuanian Tatars), which has a circulation of 800. Muslims are permitted by law to conduct marriage in mosques.

Keywords: halal food; mosques; Muslims in Lithuania; religious education



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