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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an up-to-date account of the situation of Muslims in Romania. The first Muslim communities in Romania were formed in the fourteenth century when Ottoman rule was established in the region. The Islamic faith, as one of the 18 religious denominations recognised by law (Law 489/2006), is considered a public-utility legal entity. The traditional Muslim denomination (Sunni) engages in public activities mainly through the muftiate together with the UDTTMR. There are 73 purpose-built mosques in the region of Dobrudja and one in Bucharest. The Law of Education adopted in 1995 introduced religion as a compulsory subject in public schools. The annual 'Id al-Fitr and 'Id al-Adha celebrations take place in the main cities and in villages with a significant Muslim population.Nawruz, the annual spring holiday, is observed with public festivities organised by the Turkish and Tatar minorities, as well as Kurdish immigrants.

Keywords: 'Id al-Adha; 'Id al-Fitr; Muslims; Nawruz; Romania; Sunni



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