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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the Tachikawa-ryu; it distinguishes three different meanings of the term. The first is the real Tachikawa-ryu, a Shingon sub-lineage that did exist from the early twelfth century onward. The second is a special religious current that existed from the mid-thirteenth century or earlier, and which declined rapidly around the beginning of the fourteenth century. The third meaning is merely a name, a label for a vague set of Shingon lineages and currents of thought that were condemned as non-orthodox by certain Shingon monks and which were accused of advocating teachings more or less related to sexuality. The beginning of the real Tachikawa-ryu is documented in two types of sources: the first is contemporary historical records and the second is some thirteenth-century mikkyo documents. The chapter also discusses the "non-real Tachikawa-ryu" of the late fourteenth century.

Keywords: mikkyo; monk; Shingon lineages; Tachikawa-ryu



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