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Music And Musical Instruments In Spanish Medieval Hebrew Poetry: The Poem Of Yosef Ibn Ṣaddīq (Justo) In Praise Of Yiṣḥaq Ibn Barun

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Chapter Summary

Since ancient times, music was a basic component of poetry, both oral and written. Such was the case in ancient Hebrew poetry, as may be seen from the biblical Book of Psalms, which is filled with musical elements, such as musical terms and names of musical instruments. The element of instrumental music returned to Hebrew poetry only in the 10th century, with the flowering of a new school that was greatly influenced by Arabic poetry. A somewhat surprising discovery regarding the positive attitude towards music appears in the muwaššaḥ of Yosef Ibn Ṣaddīq, Numi ahah, written in praise of the linguist Yiṣḥaq Ibn Barun. In brief, even though Ibn Ṣaddīq's poem fulfills precisely the demands of the muwaššaḥ genre in terms of its structure and the object of love, the poet constructed it with great artistry as a poem of praise (mad).

Keywords: Arabic poetry; Hebrew poetry; musical instruments; muwaššaḥ; Numi ahah; Yiṣḥaq Ibn Barun; Yosef Ibn Ṣaddīq



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