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The Gujars Of The Upper Doab

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Chapter Summary

Before the British conquest of 1803, the Upper Doab was contained in one single district, that of Saharanpur, also called the Baoni, or 52 parganas. As far as direct agrarian management was concerned, however, most conspicuous and characteristic were the Gujars, a militant group of semi-pastoralists staunchly loyal to each other, whose physical prowess and forceful presence at the village level had helped them to entrench themselves in the Saharanpur countryside. The village of Chhalera, not far from the Yamuna, opposite Okhla, was a case in point. Ideally, the relationship between the sarkar and the families of the service gentry holding office in the region was based on the rules of adab (civility) and a mutual understanding of each others difficulties. the Gurkhas would celebrate Dasahra, their greatest festival.

Keywords: Chhalera; Dasahra; Gujars; Gurkhas; sarkar; Upper Doab; Yamuna

10.1163/ej.9789004185029.i-648.16
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