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The Dome Of The Rock In Light Of The Development Of Concentric Martyria In Jerusalem: Architecture And Architectural Iconography

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the beginning of the cult of Mary Theotokos in Jerusalem, in which the Church of the Kathisma played a major and influential role in connection with Marian feasts in Jerusalem. It explains the adventurous methodological experiment regarding the architectural iconography of the Dome of the Rock. Oleg Grabar is renowned for placing the Dome of the Rock in the forefront of the studies of Islamic art, promoting discussion of the structure's meaning. The chapter presents a typological comparative study of the Dome of the Rock with the other early Byzantine concentric martyria in Jerusalem, with respect to the modifications made to the plans of the martyria due to liturgical developments and changes over time. It surveys the octagonal architectural unit built over the cave of the Nativity in Bethlehem in the time of Constantine the Great and dated to ca. 333.

Keywords: architectural iconography; Bethlehem; Dome of the Rock; Islamic art; Jerusalem; Martyria; Oleg Grabar



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