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The Caves

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Chapter Summary

The caves at Aurangabad are located in the heart of the Aurangabad tehsil, which extends between the Ajanta Plateau and the hydrographic basin of the Godavari. The thirteen caves at Aurangabad are clustered in three groups at a height of about 100 metres from the plain below. The western group consists of six rock-cut units and marks the very first location that the Buddhist community chose for the excavation of the rock-cut complex. Another cluster of caves is located farther east on the same slope facing the Aurangabad plain, about a mile east from the group just described The eastern group consists of five caves different from each other in layout, iconography, and function. On the northeastern face of the same massif are three caves situated at different heights on the same slope.

Keywords: Aurangabad; Buddhist community; caves



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