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Chapter Summary

Mongolian is a widely distributed family, consisting of eight languages with numerous dialects. These are Kalmyk/Oirat, Buriat, Inner Mongolian, Khalkha, Moghol, Monguor, Dagur, Khamnigan Mongol. The traditional script of the Mongols, the Uighur vertical script is not the official script of Mongolia, whereas it is the official script of the Mongols of Inner Mongolia. The scientific study of Mongolian began with the publication of the first grammars and dictionaries and the translation of texts by I. J. Schmidt, J. E. Kowalewski, A. Popov, A. Bobrovnikov and Dorži Banzarov. Pelliot, the leading figure in this field and a man of genius, carried out fundamental research in Mongolian philology and history with extraordinary acumen and width of knowledge. Reading books like Heissigs A Lost Civilization, and Information Mongolia, would greatly assist the beginner in gaining a better understanding of what the country of Činggis Qan has to offer culturally and otherwise.

Keywords: Činggis Qan; Buriat; Heissig; I. J. Schmidt; Kalmyk; Khalkha; Mongolian languages; Oirat; Pelliot; Uighur



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