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Chapter Summary

Manchu-Tungus consists of two sub-groups, the Southern Tungusic group, and the Northern Tungusic group. Manchu-Tungus speakers are spread all of eastern Siberia and the northern part of Manchuria, as well as areas of North China and Xinjiang, with some spillover into Mongolia. The number of these Manchu-Tungus speakers has now shrunk dramatically because the present generation has largely adopted Russian and Chinese. The Jurchens formed a confederation of semi-nomadic pastoral tribes in eastern Manchuria, along the Sungari River, and also from Liaodong in southern Manchuria. The language of the Jurchens bears a close superficial resemblance to that of the later Manchus. Publications on Manchu-Tungus languages are not lacking. But in certain areas of grammar, syntax and literature there are wide gaps to fill. One of the most urgent tasks of Manchu scholars is to reach a consensus regarding the linguistic terminology, which in the case of Manchu, is sadly lacking.

Keywords: China; Jurchens; Liaodong; Manchu; Mongolia; Russian; Tungus; Xinjiang



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