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Chapter Summary

Chuvash Turkic is a large family consisting of 30 languages divided into several groups. The diachronic approach is the study of language that occurs over longer periods of history, and therefore it tends to concentrate on the languages of the past. The synchronic approach concentrates on the forms of one or more languages at one particular stage of their development, the emphasis being, on the current spoken languages. Each language within a group is divided into dialects, the dialects being regional or local varieties of the same languages. Vocalic or vowel harmony is a phenomenon that characterizes the Altaic languages. Old Turkic, and Turkic in general, try to avoid consonant clusters by inserting vowels between stems ending in a consonant and suffixes beginning with a consonant. For someone venturing into Turkic studies it is necessary first to acquire a basic working knowledge of English, French, German, Russian and Turkish.

Keywords: Altaic languages; Chuvash; diachronic; dialects; English; French; German; Russian; synchronic; Turkic



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