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From 4QReworked Pentateuch To 4QPentateuch (?)

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Chapter Summary

The four manuscripts 4Q364367 analyzed in the shadow of 4Q158, 4QBiblical Paraphrase, were first named 4QPentateuch Paraphrase (4QPP). Their first identity crisis was the change from 4QPP to 4QReworked Pentateuch (4QRP). The second identity crisis occurred when it was realized that this non-biblical composition might actually reflect a group of scripture texts, possibly to be named 4QPentateuch. In 2005, the author reached this understanding while analyzing three completely different texts, the Greek translations of 1 Kings, Esther and Daniel. He suggested that Vorlagen of these three LXX books reflect stages subsequent to those in MT. He also found several characteristic features in these three LXX compositions that are shared with rewritten Bible compositions from Qumran.

Keywords: 4QBiblical Paraphrase; 4QPentateuch Paraphrase (4QPP); 4QReworked Pentateuch (4QRP); authoritative status; LXX books; Qumran; Vorlagen



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