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Quelques observations sur le 'canon' des « Écrits »

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Chapter Summary

Among thousands of fragments discovered in the Qumran caves in the middle of the twentieth century, some 216 have been identified as the remains of manuscripts called 'Bible', as included in the biblical canon. Among them are a large number of manuscripts of the Pentateuch, or 88 copies, and a slightly smaller number of what the "Biblia Hebraica"called "prophetic writings". To have a better idea of the richness of the library of Qumran, one must consider the poor state of conservation of rolls in most caves, two thousand years after their deposits, and the fact that many of them were carried away by the last occupants fleeing the arrival of Roman soldiers, some of which could be found at Masada for example. We find the same processing Jewish literature inherited from the Septuagint in the New Testament. There was no 'canon' in the strict sense, in Jesus' time.

Keywords: Qumran caves; Bible; biblical canon; prophetic writings; library of Qumran; Jewish literature; New Testament; Jesus



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