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Aramaic Texts From Qumran And The Authoritativeness Of Hebrew Scriptures: Preliminary Observations

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Chapter Summary

During the last fifty years it has been held broadly that the Aramaic texts found at Qumran form a distinct group within the Dead Sea Scrolls corpus. It is also observed that the genre, style and content of the Aramaic texts contrast with that of the Hebrew texts found in the same corpus. This chapter addresses the question: to what extent Aramaic texts found near Qumran relate differently to the Hebrew Scriptures than Hebrew Dead Sea Scrolls, and whether differences are connected to date, to genre, or to provenance. This query can be related to different theories, in particular to that of the canonical process. Following the reasoning of Brooke, one could hypothesize that Aramaic texts stem from a period reflecting an earlier stage in the canonical process. In other words, was the authoritativeness of the Hebrew Scriptures different for the Aramaic texts, than for the Hebrew texts?.

Keywords: Aramaic Texts; authoritativeness; canonical process; Dead Sea Scrolls; George Brooke; Hebrew scriptures; Qumran



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