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Daniel And The Qumran Daniel Cycle: Observations On 4QFour Kingdomsa–B (4Q552–553)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on 4QFour Kingdoms (4Q552553), a fragmentary composition, the DJD edition of which was recently published by mile Puech, who distinguishes fragments of three manuscripts: 4Q552 (4QFour Kingdomsa), 4Q553 (4QFour Kingdomsb) and 4Q553a (4QFour Kingdomsc). It analyses the 4QFour Kingdomsab by studying its linguistic, literary and theological characteristics and comparing them with Daniel and the other Aramaic writings of the Qumran Daniel cycle. This comparative analysis will deal with the question of how the contribution of 4QFour Kingdoms to Danielic tradition may best be characterized: in terms of a parabiblical elaboration on the book of Daniel, an interpretation of specific features within the Qumran Daniel tradition or in broad terms of pseudepigraphical composition. Close examination of the fragments of 4QFour Kingdomsab may further indicate whether and how this composition draws on underlying textual variety in the Daniel tradition.

Keywords: 4QFour KingdomsAB; Aramaic writings; Book of Daniel; fragmentary composition; pseudepigraphical composition; Qumran Daniel Cycle



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