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From Integrated Slope Management To Fragmented Use: Common-Pool Resources, Institutional Change, And Conflicts In Pangani River Basin, Of Same District (Tanzania)

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Chapter Summary

This paper examines and analyses institutional changes and power relations in the management of common-pool resources, particularly forests, water for irrigation and pasture among the Pare and Maasai pastoralists in Pangani Basin, Same District in Tanzania. This chapter differs from the other chapters in this volume, as the author does not only look at floodplains, but at livelihoods as well and institutional change in mountain areas, which are close to the floodplains. According to water utilization Act No. 42 of 1974 and its amendment Act No. 10, 1981, and written laws (miscellaneous) Act No. 17, 1989, and General (Regulations) Amendments, which divided Tanzania into nine hydrological basins, Pangani was identified as most seriously affected by anthropogenic activities that needed immediate attention due to serious user conflicts, degradation and lack of a comprehensive framework for management of the resources (IUCN 2003).

Keywords: anthropogenic activities; comprehensive framework; Maasai; pangani basin; Tanzania



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