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Ujamaa-Policies, Open Access And Differential Collective Action: Common-Pool Resource Management, Institutional Change And Conflicts In The Rufiji Floodplain (Tanzania)

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Chapter Summary

This paper focuses on the management of fisheries, wildlife and pastures in the Rufiji floodplain area in Tanzania. It presents the changes in institutions governing these common-pool resources among the different ethnic groups, known as the Rufiji peoples, and the impacts of the new state institutions on resource use and management. The paper argues that due to the erosion of local institutions during colonial and post-colonial periods, especially the village restructuring Ujamaa Programme, the commons of the Rufiji floodplain became open- access, due the state's lack of enforcement, affecting the resource base and the livelihoods of local people and also affecting the option to act collectively to draft new institutions. In addition, NGOs like IUCN have made attempts to create a new institutional environment, yet without addressing the complexity of local management systems and of the political constellations.

Keywords: common-pool resource management; IUCN; Rufiji Floodplain; Tanzania; Ujamaa programme



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