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Kirfi, Bauchi: An Archaeological Investigation Of The Hausa Landscape

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Chapter Summary

Investigations of Kirfi, in Bauchi state, can shed light on the questions related to Hausa identity: the finds and monuments of Kirfi share commonalities with other parts of the Hausa geographical area and relate to religion, socio-economic complexity, political arrangements and technology. This chapter represents a pioneering investigation of the archaeological potential of the Kirfi area. It reveals surviving evidence of extensive industrial iron working at the site of Tekkira, and of abandoned settlement sites involving well preserved standing structures on the Kirfi hills and in the western valley plains. Two distinct occupation phases are suggested: an intensive iron-working phase, and an occupation in the historical period by people whose settlement pattern and subsistence are well recorded in an ethno-archaeological context. Thus, while the habitation sites of the historic Kirfawa are documented, those of the iron working people which are assumed to have preceded them still remain to be discovered.

Keywords: archaeological investigation; Bauchi; Hausa identity; Kirfi



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